These are some hints cover the basic letter knowledge needed for good handwriting:


  1. All the alphabets are the same size except –
    a b c d e f g h i  j  k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
  • The seven letters that have sticks above the body of the letter:
    ‹b, d, f, h, k, l and t›.
    Note that ‹t› is not as tall as the other tall letters.
  • The six letters that have tails that go below the line:
    ‹f, g, j, p, q and y›.

2. Most letters go down towards the line first: ‹b, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, t, u, v, w, x, y and f ›. Note that ‹f › arcs backwards a little before it goes down.
3. The following letters start like a ‹c›: ‹a, d, o, g, q›. These are referred to as the ‘half circle or caterpiller c’ letters. The ‹s› also starts like a ‹c›, but curves around like a snake.
4. The formation of the letters ‹z› and ‹e› starts with a horizontal left-to-right line. Note that the ‹e› starts lower than the other letters and comes back over like a ‹c›.

Parents can be of invaluable help here. They are in a good position to encourage correct formation and a good pencil hold. For more details pl. visit on the following post –

Learning the letter formation and pencil hold

tripod grip
5. The children should be told that the letters in a word are written close together, but without bumping. Children should also be told to leave a space between words.
It is important to revise the formation of each letter regularly. When the children are writing, it is a good idea to check the pencil hold and make sure the letter formation is correct.