Why synthetic phonics has been found to be a more effective teaching approach than analytic Phonics?


 In analytic phonics, teaching starts at the whole word level, the children have a good knowledge of the 26 alphabet letters and sounds at the end of the year. But they do not know how to blend these sounds for reading, or identify them in words for writing. They are also unaware of sounds made with more than one letter i.e. digraphs and blends.
Whereas, synthetic phonics have been proven more effective as it focuses on the letter-sound correspondence, regardless of the child’s background, gender or mother tongue. When this is built in, the children then find it easier to learn that the letter could also have names. The idea of letter sounds and letter names makes synthetic phonics more structured and easier for children as they gradually learn how to blend words as well. It begins with single letters and the sounds they produce. The multi-sensory approach of Synthetic Phonics teaches 42 sounds with actions and letter shapes. This helps the children learn and remember them easily and fast. Blending is introduced almost immediately and this gives the children an opportunity to begin reading simple words within the first couple of days. They read the word rather than memorize it. They learn to decode words using letter sounds, and blend these sounds together to produce a correct reading of the whole word. Further, reading and writing become fun for them. Phrases like “This is a tough word”, or “This time the rule won’t work” for tricky and difficult words help in maintaining a positive outlook in the children for reading and writing.